• 族群 / 漢族
  • 學歷 / 國立中正大學 社會福利研究所 博士
  • 專長 / 原住民社會福利,長期照顧、社區照顧、社會福利理論,社會救助,社會政策
This draft represents author’s preliminary thoughts. Please do not quote or cite without author’s permission.

It is the most important to talk about developing specialized care for the tribes, and the possibility for young people to return in connection. Regarding this, we need to discuss the care issues from a broader perspective. What we face in the indigenous community, we often talk about the industry hollowing out in result of population loss. It is not the youth causing industry hollow out, but the other way around, which is the deteriorating industry drives younger people away. So how to we talk about cultural care? We need the younger generations to do this. Cultural care requires people who are familiar with the culture to execute, thus to have a sociological foundation. However, this foundation of the cultural care is missing. 

First we need to discuss the industrial issues of the indigenous tribes. All the industries are lowly developed. Most larger scale tourism industries are withheld by Han people, including hot spring areas such as Guguan and Dongpu. Although they provide work opportunities for indigenous people, but as employees. The more Han settles in the tribes, the faster the culture loss progress. 

How do we set up the framework for industries within the tribes? We can conclude the following: micro industry and its competitiveness on the market as well as its selling, which awaits for changes. Secondly, many collaborate platforms who faught in groups together are generally good like all walks of life, but they all originated from personal perspectives and less from the whole development of the tribes. Group share, co-work, and the spirit of mutual assistance were lost.Our future development lies on developing traditional spirit. Our management and marketing of the tribes still need improvements.

Most social elites of the tribes are predominantly teachers and pastors, have no experience in corporate management. According to the indigenous council’s research, less and less indigenous people become business owners year after year. Insufficient talents, funding, and limited loans. In the past, indigenous loans have issues of credits, so it is possible for develop micro-loans for indigenous people? 

Ageing is the most severe in the tribes, and in need of youth to care with companionships. Due to the long lack of medical resources with relative inconvenient traffics, many private medical facilities are reluctant to station. With relatively lack of beneficial resources from private sectors, relative in sufficient KPI to evaluate, they have no intention going in. Therefore, small ailments turn into major conditions, and critical conditions cannot get relative assistance in time, the rights for health care are also ignored.    

Cultural care was first proposed in the 1960’s, in discussion of how be respectfully taking care for one’s cultural background thus to feel blissful. To us, it is up to the standard that the care receivers feel respected and bliss, but cultural care requires sociological foundation. In the tribes, this foundation awaits fortification. So how do we develop cultural care? We have to execute the acceptance of care receivers’ needs and lives and cultural context to begin with, as well care takers’ cultural consciousness to make the receivers feel like they have never left their own, and to the degree that still feel being respected.

How do tribes develop independent care method? They may not have to go according to the official ways, and need to transform hidden local resources into economical values. They must have their own economical foundation in order to develop, young people have to return to the tribes to execute, thus develop industries. Every positions require young people in order to develop tribal culture care, and we must view this from the perspective of tribal developments.

The closest facilities for the indigenous people are the culture and health station, and we cannot develop a 24-hour long term care senior home due to the difficulty of licensing. The culture and health station usually have relatively healthy individuals, but difficult to reach those who need private care. There are currently more than 300 tribal culture and health centres, and they are the products of main stream society. However, the current budget flow supporting the centres make elders feel secure. We still have to consider how to make this kind of care with more local culture, and how to attract young people to participate. If we wish to make this a good job opportunity that attracts young people, we need seniority, incensing, and a rating system for diplomas. Due to the fact that servicing in tribes is part of cultural inheriting, our government need to focus on the career development, as well as visions for the future in order to attract the young to return, and hope this would gradually improve our culture and health stations. Indigenous cares require inter-discipline collaboration (ex: social work, medical care, psychiatry, physical therapy, nutrients), we need to integrate cultural attributes into each and different kinds of care. In the recent years, many of our indigenous youth have returned from overseas, and are capable of researching indigenous topics from within. In the past, most of the indigenous researches were done by outsiders and Han people, but now we are able to criticize how the system of main stream society oppress us from conducting researches within, and discuss how to improve the system. This is what we are able to do in these recent years.